- The Internet (early computers)
- TX-2 Mod Top
- PAUL BARAN
- The Internet (before the computer)
- Domain arpa
- Packet switching
- Early Domain Names
- Licklider and the ARPANET idea
- National Physical Laboratory (NPL)
- Merit Network founded
- ARPANET planning starts
- First Arpanet ideas
- 1969 October ARPANET Connects
- THE 4 NODE NETWORK
- Network Information Center (NIC)
- Connecting the Networks
- The 1970’s ARPANET Development
- Steve Crocker was a program manager at ARPA
- Tymnet packet-switched network
- One of the First Web Server
- Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) established
- Leonard Kleinrock and IMP1
- CYCLADES network demonstrated
- Telenet packet-switched network
- X.25 and public data networks
- THE FIRST USE OF THE TERM “INTERNET”
- X.25 protocol approved
- UUCP and Usenet
- Internet Activities Board (IAB)
- The 1980’s Compuserve
- Computer Science Network (CSNET)
- NSFNET Created
- Country Code Top Level Domains
- The Domain Name Concept
- Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)
- The World Wide Network Concept
- TCP/IP protocol suite formalized
- DoD Internet Host Table Specification, Hostname Server
- ARPANET, MILNET, NSI, ESNet, CSNET, and NSFNET
- Domain Name System (DNS)
- SAGE Console – Early Computer
- MILNET split off from ARPANET
- Paul Mockapetris invented the Domain Name System and wrote the first implementation. The original specs were published by the Internet Engineering Task Force
- DNS is Invented
- Host.TXT (Naming Computers)
- BIND – Developed as a graduate student project at the University of California at Berkeley.
- Transition Towards the Internet
- Vinton Cerf was a program manager
- CERN, the European Internet, the link to the Pacific and beyond
- Global Domain Names
- Internet Engineering Task Force (RFC’s)
- Kevin Dunlap of DEC significantly re-wrote the DNS implementation
- First commercial Internet domain name registered (Symbolics.com)
- BBN.com – think.com – MCC.com – DEC.com – northrop.com were registered Year 1985
- IP Stack Connections
- NSFNET with 56 kbit/s links
- Subnetting Operation
- xerox.com was registered
- SRI.com was registered
- HP.com was registered
- Bellcore.com was registered
- IBM.com was registered
- sun.com was registered
- intel.com was registered
- Texas Instruments – TI.com was registered
- AT&T Inc – ATT.com was registered
- Tektronix – tek.com was registered
- General Motors – GMR.com was registered
- FMC Corp – FMC.com was registered
- Ungermann-Bass UB.com was registered
- National Semiconductor – NSC.com was registered
- Bell Atlantic Corporation – bell-atl.com was registered
- General Electric – GE.com was registered
- Interactive Systems Corporation – ISC.com was registered
- The Boeing Company – boeing.com was registered
- Siemens AG – siemens.com was registered
- Pyramid Technology Corporation – pyramid.com was registered
- Kesmai Corporation – kesmai.com was registered
- Rosemount Inc – rosemount.com was registered
- Braddock, Dunn & McDonald – BDM.com was registered
- Mentor Graphics – mentor.com was registered
- Fluke Corporation – fluke.com was registered
- NEC Corporation – NEC.com was registered
- Raytheon Company – Raytheon – ray.com was registered
- GTE Corporation – GTE.com was registered
- Alcoa Inc – alcoa.com registered
- Teltone Corporation – teltone.com was registered
- Data I/O Corporation – data-IO.com was registered
- Adobe Systems – adobe.com was registered
- Advanced Micro Devices Inc – AMD.com was registered
- Portal Communications Company – portal.com was registered
- 3com Corporation – 3Com.com was registered
- Unisys Corporation – unisys.com was registered
- Convergent Media Systems Corporation – convergent.com was registered
- SoftQuad Software – SQ.com was registered
- Amdahl Corporation – amdahl.com was registered
- Data General Corporation – DG.com was registered
- Tandy Corporation – tandy.com was registered
- Concurrent Computer Corporation
- Peregrine Systems – peregrine.com was registered
- TCP/IP Goes Global
- From Gopher to the WWW
- UUNET founded
- Apple Computer’s HyperCard created
- CGI Group – CGI.com was registered
- Apple Inc – apple.com was registered
- Prime Computer – prime.com was registered
- Philips – philips.com was registered
- Datacube – datacube.com was registered
- NCR Corporation – NCR.com was registered
- Cisco Systems – cisco.com was registered
- Schlumberger Limited – SLB.com was registered
- United Technologies Corporation
- TRW Inc – TRW.com was registered
- Lockheed Corporation
- Dupont – dupont.com was registered
- toad.com was registered
- Allied Signal – allied.com was registered
- Santacruz Operations Inc – SCO.com was registered
- Genentech Inc – gene.com was registered
- Mentat Inc – mentat.com was registered
- Wyse Technology – WYSE.com was registered
- Kendall Square Research – KSR.com was registered
- NSFNET upgraded to 1.5 Mbit/s (T1)
- OSI Reference Model released
- Morris worm
- November .int introduced
- PSINet founded, allows commercial traffic
- Federal Internet Exchanges(FIXes)
- Commercial internet forbidden
- Tim Berners-Lee invented a network-based implementation of the hypertext concept (www.)
- Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
- Seattle software Developers (formerly altavista/webdesign) goes LIVE
- Phil Fischer Northwest Online
- ARPANET Decommissioned
- Archie search engine from McGill University
- World Wide Web
- Advanced Network and Services (ANS)
- The 1990’s
- IMDb – Internet movie database
- GOSIP (without TCP/IP)
- Registration Services (DDN-NIC)
- ANS CO+RE allows commercial traffic
- Wide area information server (WAIS)
- The World Wide Web is released (www)
- Commercial Internet eXchange (CIX)
- Phil Fischer obtains 12303 one worded dictionary domain names from the Defense Information Systems for free
- Department of Defense would no longer fund registration services
- The Internet Society, a professional membership society was formed
- NSFNET Backbone T3 Name
- Registration Services would be provided by Network Solutions
- InterNIC DNS Registry
- Fewer than 15,000 dot.com domains were registered
- Phil Fischer drops all 12303 of the one worded domain names for lack of payment
- North American Network Operators’ Group (NANOG) established
- Mosaic Web Browser and its Release
- WWW Logo by Robert Cailliau
- Netscape Navigator – Netscape Navigator becomes world most popular browser
- WebCrawler introduced
- Yahoo Founded
- The Superhighway and Summit
- NSFNET Decommissioned
- NSF stops subsidizing domain registrations
- Craigslist classified advertisements
- Very high-speed Backbone Network Service (vBNS)
- Draft Postel
- New Internet architecture with commercial ISPs connected at NAP
- IPv6 proposed
- Amazon.com online retailer
- Altavista founded
- eBay online auction and shopping
- Mobile Phones Connect
- 24 Hours in Cyberspace, “the largest one-day online event”
- Hotmail – Free web-based e-mail
- There are two ccTLDs that have been deleted after the corresponding 2-letter code was withdrawn from ISO 3166-1: cs (for Czechoslovakia) andzr (for Zaire)
- Babel Fish automatic translation
- International Ad Hoc Committee (IAHC) Set Up
- Jon Postel worked as the manager of IANA until his death in 1998.
- Google Founded
- National Telecommunications and Information Administration, issued “A Proposal to Improve the Technical Management of Internet Names and Addresses.”
- Altavista.com sold for $3.3 million
- Internet2/Abilene Network
- NTT DoCoMo in Japan launched the first mobile Internet service, i-mode
- Napster – Peer-to-Peer file sharing
- IEEE 802.11b wireless networking
- Shared Registration System that supported multiple registrars started
- Business.com sold for $7.5 million
- Dot-com bubble bursts
- Loans.com sells for $3,000,000 becomes GreatDomains.com
- Cinema.com $ 700,000 GreatDomains.com
- AsSeenOnTv.com sold for $5.1 million
- ForSaleByOwner.com sells for $ 835,000 becomes GreatDomains.com
- The Internet in 2000’s
- Dot com Bubble
- .aero .biz .coop .info .museum .name .pro
- .eu – European Union
- Code Red I, Code Red II, and Nimda worms
- Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
- Mobile phone email system by Research in Motion for their BlackBerry product was launched in America
- ICANN PUBLISHES THE COMPLETE LIST OF TLD REGISTRIES AND DOMAIN NAME REGISTRARS
- Biz, info, and museum are activated
- Robert Metcalfe receives National Medal of Technology he co-invented the Ethernet
- Wesley A Clark developed LINC computers and helped plan some of the ideas behind the ARPANET
- Third Level Domains
- .aero created
- .us created
- .pro created
- Myspace – Social Networking Site
- Protect Act
- National Lambda Rail founded
- Skype – Internet voice calls
- .org created
- iTunes Store
- LinkedIn business networking
- ICANN approved .asia, .cat, .jobs, .mobi, .tel and .travel as TLD
- Facebook – Social networking site – 2004
- Flickr – Image Hosting
- Podcast – Media File Series
- CreditCards.com sold for $2.75 million
- Google Earth – Virtual Globe
- YouTube – Video sharing
- Cerf and Kahn receieve the Medal of Fredom and are widely held as the “fathers of the internet”
- Twitter – Microblogging
- Domain Transfer Made Easier
- Requests For More Generic Top Level Domains
- Worst Spam Offenders
- ICANN started a new process of TLD naming policy
- Internationalizing Domain Names Country Top Level Domains
- Toys.com auction for $5.1 million
- Bing search engine
- 21 Generic Top Level Domains
- Countries with non-Latin based alphabets or scripting systems apply for internationalized country code top-level domain names
- Geo Top Level Domains .cat .asia
- .mx created
- Candy.com sold for $3.0 million
- ICANN accepts Internationalizing Domain Name Country Code Top Level Domains
- Number of active domains reached 196 million.
- The 2010’s
- Vint Cerf was instrumental in the funding and formation of ICANN
- Seizing Domain Names
- First Low Orbit Connection
- .co created
- Yugoslavia, YU, was removed, but the yu ccTLD remained
- In December 2009 there were 192 million domain names
- Public Interest Registry announced that there are over 8 million domain names registered as .org
- .xxx TLD received initial approval from the ICANN
- Sex.com sold for $13 million in October 2010
- FB.com sold for $8.5 million in November 2010
- ICANN distributed last batch of its remainingIPv4 addresses to world’s five Regional Internet Registries
- Vinton Cerf became the Chairman of the ICANN board
- Restrictions on Generic Top Level Domain Names
- Verisign, the operator of net after acquiring Network Solutions, automatically renewed for another six years due to an clause in the contract with ICANN
- Sedo.com Raises Commission
- DirecTV Wins First Ever .So Domain Arbitration
- Nominet Considers 1 Year .UK Registrations
- More TLD Trademarks: .Law, .Kom, .Tom, .Construction, .Hub
- ICANN has $750k to advertise new gTLDs
- VeriSign Releases Domain Traffic Treasure Trove to the Public
- Disc Golf Associations Buys DiscGolf.com Domain Name
- Cricket Communications Reaches Settlement Over Cricket.com
- Verisign Announces Increase in .com/.net Domain Name Fees
- Peter Dengate Thrush Joins Minds + Machines
- Google Buys G.Co
- Google offers free websites to CA small businesses
- IDN NOW SUPPORTED BY GOOGLE ADWORDS
- Facebook files lawsuit against 25 domain “typosquatters”
- Neustar Announces .Biz Price Increase
- Speek Buys Speak.com Domain Name
- Is .NGO the First Defensive TLD Registration Announcement?
- Wikimedia wins dispute over web hosting comparison site
- Network Solutions sold to Web.com for $405M and stock
- GoDaddy Sold 109,000 Domains
- Alibaba loses domain name arbitration case
- Demand Media Renews Ad Deal With Google
- ANA chief calls for new gTLDs to be suspended
- PIR Confirms Continued .Org Domain Name Registration Growth
- .XXX Plans to Spend $15 Million in First Year Promoting New Domain to Web Users
- ICANN chief Rod Beckstrom to leave at end of term
- VeriSign Gets Mobile with MobileView
- .Asia Plans to Release 1 and 2 Character Domain Names
- Sedo Hires Researcher Behind IDNX
- Left of the Dot Media Claims a Major Success With Their New Method of Domain Monetization
- Amazon Continues Domain Name Collecting with KindleWave.com
- Internet Adds More Than Five Million Domain Names in Second Quarter
- Garry Chernoff Sells MoneyLender.com for $75,000
- 215 MILLION DOMAIN NAMES REGISTERED AT THE END OF AUGUST
- StumbleUpon Buys Stumblers.com for $6,000
- UBM Confirms Sale of Data.com Domain Name Sale for $4.5 Million
- Soci.al Domain Sells for $50,000
- Austin Company Vertive Buys Couponcodes.com
- .Mobi Reaches its Fifth Year
- Amazon Purchases Kindlefire.com
- Frank Michlick Joins Sedo
- Sedo going to Auction Over 170 Premium .Me Domain Names
- Web.com Plans .Web Top Level Domain
- StumbleUpon Buys Stumbled.com
- Celebrating 25 years of .DE domains
- ANA FORMS COALITION AGAINST NEW GENERIC DOMAIN NAMES
- Sedo Releases Updated IDNX with Other TLDs
- AUSTRALIAN BUSINESSES SHOW INTEREST IN NEW GENERIC DOMAIN NAMES
- A NEW TOP LEVEL DOMAIN TO COMMENCE OPERATIONS
- Tim Schumacher to Leave SEDO
- DomainTools Launches Screenshots.com
- Amazon.com buys SmartIsBeautiful.com
- FTC warns domain-name expansion poses ‘significant threat to consumers’
- Vistaprint Buys Webs.com
- Gold.biz attracts 16,000 EUR bid at Sedo
- Zooz uses 1% of its funding to buy Zooz.com
- Dudu.com Sold for $1 million
- Righthaven.com Domain Sold For $3,300
- DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM BLOCKING REMOVED FROM SOPA
- IAC sells Sendori for $3 million
- GoDaddy joins SedoMLS network
- KeyDrive Acquires Moniker and SnapNames from Oversee
- DealDash Acquires Swoopo
- .Halal top level domain in the works
- Melbourne IT to work on at least 120 new TLD applications
- ARI Registry Services picks up .sydney, .melbourne and .victoria new top level domains.
- HP purchases CloudFolders.com
- The state of .tel in 2012
- .Uk domain hits 10 million milestone
- WORLD’S OLDEST .COM DOMAIN NAME TURNS 27
- NEW GTLD’S WILL NOT HAVE MORE GOOGLE RANKING POWER
- Austin.com sold to iEstates, LLC
- Bankrate buys Columbus leads generator InsuranceAgents.com
- Netflix purchases DVD.com
- WheelsUp.com sold to Marquis Jet
- Jackpot.com domain sells for $500,000
- Germany’s .De crosses 15 million domain mark
- Beenz.com domain name sells for $20,000
- Demand Media invests $18 million in new TLDs
- Intuit buys Apps.net for 24,100 EUR among 25 end user domain sales
- MLB buys Athletics.com domain name
- Viacom company buys Film.com
- Warner Bros buys Injustice.com for $7500 – a new online game?
- Donuts raises $100 million, applies for 307 new TLDs
- Amazon.com’s Quidsi acquires Afterschool.com
- Internet hits 233 million domain names
- Zynga acquires Chefville.com domain name
- Salesforce.com buys Work.com domain name
- Marchex sells record $3.3 million in domains
- Go Daddy Auctions sells 31,481 domains
- .tv domain turns 10
- CA Technologies sells Platinum.com domain name for $250,000
- The Atlantic buys QZ.com for new publication
- Nominet proposes second level .uk domain names
- Domain registrations grow 12% to 240 million
- .Com growth rate slowing
- Cognac.com sells for $140,000
- 150,000+ domain portfolio sells for $5.2 million
- GiftBasket.com domain sold for $350,000
- Go Daddy Auctions sells 32,151 domains in November
- Blake Irving Named CEO by GoDaddy
History of Domains is a descriptive and chronological story of the development of the Internet Protocol (IP) as it relates to use of the personal PC, access to the Internet, servers, hosting, web site development and general email communication via the Internet. The HistoryOfDomains.com enables it’s users to create a timeline that is dedicated to education and the visualization of the the rich history of the internet as it pertains directly to domain names. This website organizes date based events to clearly portray the story of the internet.
The Internet (early computers)
The history of the Internet starts in the 1950s and 1960s with the development of computers. This began with point-to-point communication between main frame computers and terminals requiring a physical link, expanded to point-to-point connections between computers and then early research into packet switching.
TX-2 Mod Top
Developed late 1950’s had a 64k core memory
The TX-2 was a transistor-based computer using the then-huge amount of 64K 36-bit words of core memory. The TX-2 became operational in 1958. Because of its then powerful capabilities Ivan Sutherland’s revolutionary Sketchpad program was developed for and ran on the TX-2.
Developed the Baran network for the US military and “Message Blocks”
Paul Baran was a Polish-born American engineer who was a pioneer in the development of computer networks. He was one of the two independent inventors of packet switched computer networking, and went on to start several companies and develop other technologies that are an essential part of modern digital communication.
The Internet (before the computer)
The Internet dates back to before the beginning of the last century, and inventions such as the telegraph system, telex and radio were all precursors of what we all now know, as the modern internet.
The domain arpa was the first Internet top-level domain. It was intended to be used only temporarily, aiding in the transition of traditional ARPANET host names to the domain name system. However, after it had been used for reverse DNS lookup, it was found impractical to retire it.
To connect the early computer together, point to point conections and physical networks had to be overcome. The answer lay in formingone logical network, During the 1960s,Paul Baran (RAND Corporation), produced a study of survivable networks for the US military.
Early Domain Names
As the first computers were connected there became a requirement to name computers in order to understand where information was being sent and received from and form of identification was needed to properly access the various systems. At first the networks were composed of only a few computer systems associated with the U.S. Department of Defence and other institutions.
Licklider and the ARPANET idea
Another fundamental pioneer in the call for a global networkwas J. C. R. Licklider who articulated the first ideas of the internet in his January 1960 paper called “Man-Computer Symbiosis”. In this paper he wrote “A network of such, connected to one another by wide-band communication lines the functions of present-day libraries together with anticipated advances in information storage and retrieval and symbiotic functions.”
Established merging the networks and creating the Internet
BITNET was a cooperative USA university network founded in 1981 by Ira Fuchs at the City University of New York (CUNY) and Greydon Freeman at Yale University. The first network link was between CUNY and Yale. The requirements for a college or university to join BITNET were simple: Lease a data circuit (phone line) from a site to an existing BITNET node.
National Physical Laboratory (NPL)
In 1965, Donald Davies of the National Physical Laboratory (United Kingdom) proposed a national data network based on packet-switching.The proposal was not taken up nationally, but by 1970 he had designed and built the Mark I packet-switched network and proved the technology under operational conditions.
Merit Network founded
Merit Network, Inc., is a nonprofit member-governed organization providing high-performance computer networking and related services to educational, government, health care, and nonprofit organizations, primarily in Michigan. Created in 1966, Merit operates the longest running regional computer network in the United States.
ARPANET planning starts
In 1966, Robert (Bob) W. Taylor succeeded Sutherland as Director of the IPTO. Taylor completely subscribed to Licklider’s vision of an Intergalactic Network. Furthermore, he faced the essence of the problem every day in his office: he had three different computer terminals because he needed access to three different computers.
First Arpanet ideas
The first internet
Computer networks, in any real sense, didn’t exist until the ARPANET was built starting in 1969. The initial idea of the internet is credited as being Leonard Kleinrock’s after he published his first paper entitled “Information Flow in Large Communication Nets” on May 31, 1961.
1969 October ARPANET Connects
On October 29th 1969, two computers connected to form the ARPANET and launch the world’s first successful packet-switched wide area computer network. This first connection, in the form of a logon request, was sent to SRI International (then known as Stanford Research Institute) from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
THE 4 NODE NETWORK
1969 December 5th By December 5, 1969, a 4-node network was connected by adding the University of Utah and the University of California, Santa Barbara. Building on ideas developed in ALOHAnet, the ARPANET grew rapidly.
Network Information Center (NIC)
The Network Information Center (NIC), also known as InterNIC from 1993 until 1998, was the organization primarily responsible for Domain Name System (DNS) domain name allocations and X.500 directory services.
Connecting the Networks
1970 Donald Davies of the National Physical Laboratory (United Kingdom) proposed a national data network based on packet-switching.
The 1970’s ARPANET Development
1969 April 7th ARPANET became the technical core of what would become the Internet, and a primary tool in developing the technologies used.
Steve Crocker was a program manager at ARPA
(Advanced Research Projects Agency)
Steve Crocker has been a program manager at Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), a senior researcher at USC’s Information Sciences Institute, founder and director of the Computer Science Laboratory.
Tymnet packet-switched network
Tymnet was an international data communications network headquartered in Cupertino, California that used virtual call packet switched technology and X.25, SNA/SDLC, ASCII and BSC interfaces to connect host computers (servers) at thousands of large companies, educational institutions, and government agencies.
One of the First Web Server
The world’s first web server, later known as CERN httpd, which ran on NeXTSTEP. A web server is a computer system that processes requests via HTTP, the basic network protocol used to distribute information on the World Wide Web.
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) established
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a department of ICANN, a nonprofit private American corporation that oversees global IP address allocation, autonomous system number allocation, root zone management in the Domain Name System (DNS), media types, and other Internet Protocol-related symbols and numbers.
Leonard Kleinrock and IMP1
Leonard Kleinrock (born June 13, 1934) is an American engineer and computer scientist. A computer science professor at UCLA’s Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science, he made several important contributions to the field of computer networking, in particular to the theoretical foundations of computer networking.
CYCLADES network demonstrated
The CYCLADES computer network (French pronunciation: [siklad]) was a French research network created in the early 1970s. It was one of the pioneering networks experimenting with the concept of packet switching, and was developed to explore alternatives to the ARPANET design.
Telenet packet-switched network
Telenet was an American commercial packet switched network which went into service in 1974. It was the first packet-switched network service that was available to the general public.
X.25 and public data networks
X.25 is an ITU-T standard protocol suite for packet switched wide area network (WAN) communication. An X.25 WAN consists of packet-switching exchange (PSE) nodes as the networking hardware, and leased lines, plain old telephone service connections, or ISDN connections as physical links.
THE FIRST USE OF THE TERM “INTERNET”
1974 December The term “internet” was adopted in the first RFC published on the TCP protocol (RFC 675: Internet Transmission Control Program, December 1974) as an abbreviation of the term internetworking and the two terms were used interchangeably. In general, an internet was any network using TCP/IP.
X.25 protocol approved
X.25 was developed by common carriers in the early 1970s and approved in 1976 by the CCITT, the precursor of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), and was designed as a global standard for a packet-switching network. X.25 was originally designed to connect remote character-based terminals to mainframe hosts.
UUCP and Usenet
Using UUCP and Usenet shows how to communicate with both UNIX and non-UNIX systems, using UUCP and cu or tip. It also shows how to read news, post your own articles, and mail to other Usenet members.
Internet Activities Board (IAB)
Internet Activities Board (IAB) – A group that oversees the development of the Internet protocols. Internet Architecture Board(www.iab.org) Founded in 1983 as the Internet Activities Board.
The 1980’s Compuserve
In 1979, CompuServe became the first service to offer electronic mail capabilities and technical support to personal computerusers. The company broke new ground again in 1980 as the first to offer real-time chat with its CB Simulator.
Computer Science Network (CSNET)
Short for Computer Science Network, CSNET is a computer network that was developed by the U.S. National Science Foundation in the early 1980’s.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) is the basic communication language or protocol of the Internet. It can also be used as a communications protocol in a private network (either an intranet or an extranet).
Created as a result of a 1985 National Science Foundation (NSF) initiative, NSFNET established a high-speed connection among the five NSF supercomputer centers and the National Center for Atmospheric Research, and provided external access for scientists, researchers, and engineers who were not located near the the computing centers.
Country Code Top Level Domains
Country Code Top-Level Domains (ccTLDs) are two-letter Internet top-level domains (TLDs) specifically designated for a particular country, sovereign state or autonomous territory for use to service their community. ccTLDs are derived from ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country codes.
The Domain Name Concept
A domain name is the human-friendly name that we are used to associating with an internet resource. A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority or control within the Internet.
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is an Internet standard for electronic mail (email) transmission. First defined by RFC 821 in 1982, it was last updated in 2008 with the Extended SMTP additions by RFC 5321—which is the protocol in widespread use today.
The World Wide Network Concept
In 1982 the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) was standardized and the concept of a world-wide network of fully interconnected TCP/IP networkscalled the Internet was introduced.
TCP/IP protocol suite formalized
TCP/IP (transmission control protocol/Internet protocol) is the suite of communications protocols that is used to connect hosts on the Internet and on most other computer networks as well. It is also referred to as the TCP/IP protocol suite and the Internet protocol suite.
DoD Internet Host Table Specification, Hostname Server
The ARPANET Official Network Host Table, as outlined in RFC 608, no longer suits the needs of the DoD community, nor does it follow a format suitable for internetting.
ARPANET, MILNET, NSI, ESNet, CSNET, and NSFNET
After the ARPANET had been up and running for several years,ARPA looked for another agency to hand off the network to; ARPA’s primary mission was funding cutting edge research and development, not running a communications utility.
Domain Name System (DNS)
The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical decentralized naming system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a private network. It associates various information with domain names assigned to each of the participating entities.
SAGE Console – Early Computer
The Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) was a system of large computers and associated networking equipment that coordinated data from many radar sites and processed it to produce a single unified image of the airspace over a wide area.
MILNET split off from ARPANET
MILNET was the name given to the part of ARPANET, the forerunner of the Internet, that was designated for nonclassified U.S. military use. When MILNET was split off from ARPANET in 1983.
Paul Mockapetris invented the Domain Name System and wrote the first implementation. The original specs were published by the Internet Engineering Task Force
At the request of Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris invented the Domain Name System in 1983 and wrote the first implementation. The original specifications were published by the Internet Engineering Task Force in RFC 882 and RFC 883……
DNS is Invented
By the following November, 1983, the conceptand schedule were developed and published in The Domain Names Plan and Schedule,RFC 881, Domain Names — Concepts And Facilities, RFC 882, and DomainNames — Implementation And Specification, RFC 883. Some of the technical discussion involved indeveloping the DNS was carried out on the name droppers list.
Host.TXT (Naming Computers)
Before 1983 each computer on the network retrieved a file called HOSTS.TXT from a computer at SRI. The HOSTS.TXTfile mapped names to numerical addresses.
BIND – Developed as a graduate student project at the University of California at Berkeley.
BIND Software Berkeley Internet Name Domain. The application that runs almost every DNS server on the Internet is called BIND, for Berkeley Internet Name Domain, first developed as a graduate student project at the University of California at Berkeley.
The MILNET, also called the Military Network or Military Net, was part of the ARPANET, which was the original name of the Internet. It was used for unclassified United States Department of Defense (DoD) traffic.
Transition Towards the Internet
The term “internet” was adopted in the first RFC published on the TCP protocol (RFC 675: Internet Transmission Control Program, December 1974) as an abbreviation of the term internetworking and the two terms were used interchangeably.
Vinton Cerf was a program manager
Vint Cerf – Widely known as a “Father of the Internet,” Cerf is the co-designer of the TCP/IP protocols and the architecture of the Internet.
CERN, the European Internet, the link to the Pacific and beyond
Between 1984 and 1988 CERN began installation and operation of TCP/IP to interconnect its major internal computer systems, workstations, PCs and an accelerator control system.
Global Domain Names
The domain name com is a generic top-leveldomain (gTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet.Its name is derived from commercial, indicating its original intended purpose for domains registered by commercial organizations.
Internet Engineering Task Force (RFC’s)
Internet Engineering Task Force Requests for Comments (RFCs) started as memoranda addressing the various protocols that facilitate the functioning of the Internet and were previously edited by the late Dr. Postel aspart of his IANA functions.
Kevin Dunlap of DEC significantly re-wrote the DNS implementation
The first versions of BIND were developed by said promoters Berkeley. All versions up to 4.8.3 were developed under the responsibility of the Computer Research Group.
First commercial Internet domain name registered (Symbolics.com)
The first domain name registered was Symbolics.com. It was registered March 15, 1985, to Symbolics Inc., a computer systems company in Cambridge, making it the first .com-domain in the world.
BBN.com – think.com – MCC.com – DEC.com – northrop.com were registered Year 1985
Only five other companies registered a domain name in 1985: bbn.com, think.com, mcc.com, dec.com, and northrop.com.
IP Stack Connections
A set of network protocol layers that work together. The OSI Reference Model that defines seven protocol layers is often called a stack, as is the set of TCP/IP protocols that define communication over the internet.
NSFNET with 56 kbit/s links
NSFNET used a TCP/IPOffsite Link-based protocol compatible with ARPANETOffsite Link, as a backbone to which regional and academic networks would connect.
Subnetting is the process of designating some high-order bits from the host part and grouping them with the network mask to form the subnet mask. This divides a network into smaller subnets.
xerox.com was registered
Xerox managed to register xerox.com on 09-Jan-1986 and became the 7th domain name. Xerox Corporation is an American global corporation that sells business services and document technology products.
SRI.com was registered
On January 17, 1986 SRI.com became the 8th registered “.com” domain. SRI International (SRI) is an American nonprofit research institute headquartered in Menlo Park, California.
HP.com was registered
On March 3, 1986, HP registered the HP.com domain name, making it the ninth Internet .com domain ever to be registered. The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
Bellcore.com was registered
On March 5, 1986, Bellcore, the tenth company to register an Internet domain name in com TLD, provided joint research and development, standards setting, training, and centralized government point-of-contact functions for its co-owners, the seven Regional Holding Companies that were themselves divested from AT&T as holding companies for the 22 local Bell Operating Companies.
IBM.com was registered
On March 19th, 1986, IBM registered the ibm.com domain name, making it the ninth Internet .com domain ever to be registered. International Business Machines Corporation (commonly referred to as IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
sun.com was registered
On March 19th, 1986, Sun Microsystems registered the sun.com domain name, making it one of the earliest Internet .com domains ever to be registered. Sun Microsystems, Inc. was a company that sold computers, computer components, computer software, and information technology services……
intel.com was registered
On March 25, 1986, Intel registered the intel.com domain name, making it 13th .com domain ever to be registered. Intel Corporation (also known as Intel and stylized as intel) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California.
Texas Instruments – TI.com was registered
On March 25, 1986, Texas Instruments registered the ti.com domain name, making it 14th .com domain ever to be registered. Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American technology company that designs and manufactures semiconductors, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.
AT&T Inc – ATT.com was registered
On April 25, 1986, AT&T registered the att.com domain name, making it 15th .com domain ever to be registered. AT&T is the second largest provider of mobile telephone services and the largest provider of fixed telephone services in the United States….
Tektronix – tek.com was registered
On May 8, 1986, Tektronix became the 16th company to register their domain tek.com. Tektronix, Inc. “Tek” is an American company best known for manufacturing test and measurement devices such as oscilloscopes, logic analyzers, and video and mobile test protocol equipment.
General Motors – GMR.com was registered
On May 8, 1986, General Motors became the 16th company to register their domain gmr.com. General Motors Research Laboratories are the part of General Motors responsible for creation of the first known operating system (GM-NAA I/O) in 1955 and contributed to the first mechanical heart, the Dodrill-GMR, successfully used while performing open heart surgery.
FMC Corp – FMC.com was registered
FMC Corporation is an American chemical manufacturing company headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The company was originally founded by chemist John Bean in 1883 as the Bean Spray Pump Company in Los Gatos, California, producing piston pumps for insecticides.
Ungermann-Bass UB.com was registered
On May 8, 1986, Ungermann-Bass became the 18th company to register their domain ub.com Ungermann-Bass, also known as UB and UB Networks, was a computer networking company in the 1980s to 1990s. Located in Santa Clara, California, in Silicon Valley, UB was the first large networking company independent of any computer manufacturer.
National Semiconductor – NSC.com was registered
On August 5, 1986, National Semiconductor became the 20th company to register their domain nsc.com National Semiconductor was an American semiconductor manufacturer which specialized in analog devices and subsystems, formerly with headquarters in Santa Clara, California, United States.
Bell Atlantic Corporation – bell-atl.com was registered
On August 5, 1986, Bell Atlantic became the 20th company to register their domain bell-atl.com Bell Atlantic Corporation was created as one of the original Regional Bell Operating Companies (RBOCs) in 1984, during the breakup of the Bell System.
General Electric – GE.com was registered
On August 5, 1986, General Electric registered the ge.com domain name, making it 20th .com domain ever to be registered. General Electric (GE) is an American multinational corporation operating in sectors like Consumer capital finance, Energy, Technology Infrastructure and Industrial finance.
Interactive Systems Corporation – ISC.com was registered
On August 5, 1986, Interactive Systems Corporation registered the isc.com domain name, making it 20th .com domain ever to be registered. Interactive Systems Corporation (styled INTERACTIVE Systems Corporation, abbreviated ISC) was a US-based software company and the first vendor of the Unix operating system outside AT&T, operating from Santa Monica, California.
The Boeing Company – boeing.com was registered
On September 2, 1986, Boeing registered the boeing.com domain name, making it 26th .com domain ever to be registered. The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, and satellites worldwide.
Siemens AG – siemens.com was registered
On September 29, 1986, Siemens AG registered the siemens.com domain name, making it 28th .com domain ever to be registered. Siemens AG is a German company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest engineering company in Europe with branch offices abroad.
Pyramid Technology Corporation – pyramid.com was registered
On October 18, 1986, Pyramid Technology Corporation registered the pyramid.com domain name, making it 29th .com domain ever to be registered. Pyramid Technology Corporation was a computer company that produced a number of RISC-based minicomputers at the upper end of the performance range.
Kesmai Corporation – kesmai.com was registered
On October 27, 1986, Kesmai Corporation registered the kesmai.com domain name, making it 30th .com domain ever to be registered. Kesmai was a pioneering game developer and online game publisher, founded in 1981 by Kelton Flinn and John Taylor.
Rosemount Inc – rosemount.com was registered
On October 27, 1986, Rosemount Inc registered the rosemount.com domain name, making it 30th .com domain ever to be registered. Rosemount Engineering was founded in 1956 with a focus on the aerospace industry growing rapidly under the expansion of the U.S. space program.
Braddock, Dunn & McDonald – BDM.com was registered
On October 27, 1986, BDM registered the bdm.com domain name, making it 30th .com domain ever to be registered. Braddock, Dunn & McDonald, later known as BDM, then BDM International, was a technical services firm founded in 1959 in New York City.
Mentor Graphics – mentor.com was registered
On October 27, 1986, Mentor Graphics registered the mentor.com domain name, making it 30th .com domain ever to be registered. Mentor Graphics, Inc is a US-based multinational corporation dealing in electronic design automation (EDA) for electrical engineering and electronics.
Fluke Corporation – fluke.com was registered
On October 27, 1986, Fluke Corporation registered the fluke.com domain name, making it 30th .com domain ever to be registered. Fluke Corporation, a subsidiary of Fortive, is a manufacturer of industrial testing equipment including electronic test equipment.
NEC Corporation – NEC.com was registered
On October 27, 1986, NEC Corporation registered the nec.com domain name, making it 30th .com domain ever to be registered. NEC Corporation is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
Raytheon Company – Raytheon – ray.com was registered
On October 27, 1986, Raytheon Company registered the ray.com domain name, making it 30th .com domain ever to be registered. The Raytheon Company is a major U.S. defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in weapons and military and commercial electronics.
GTE Corporation – GTE.com was registered
On November 5, 1986, GTE Corporation registered the gte.com domain name, making it 40th .com domain ever to be registered. GTE Corporation, formerly General Telephone & Electric Corporation (1955–1982), was the largest independent telephone company in the United States during the days of the Bell System.
Alcoa Inc – alcoa.com registered
On November 5, 1986, Alcoa Inc registered the alcoa.com domain name, making it 40th .com domain ever to be registered. Alcoa Inc. (from Aluminum Company of America) is an American public company best known for its work with lightweight metals and advanced manufacturing techniques.
Teltone Corporation – teltone.com was registered
On November 17, 1986, Teltone Corporation registered the teltone.com domain name, making it 42nd .com domain ever to be registered. Teltone were established in 1968 in Washington. The company produced telecommunications equipment including products that transmitted computer data over telephony infrastructure.
Data I/O Corporation – data-IO.com was registered
On November 17, 1986, Data I/O Corporation registered the data-io.com domain name, making it 42nd .com domain ever to be registered. Data I/O Corporation is a manufacturer of programming and automated device handling systems for programmable integrated circuits.
Adobe Systems – adobe.com was registered
On November 17, 1986, Adobe Systems registered the adobe.com domain name, making it 42nd .com domain ever to be registered. Adobe Systems Incorporated is an American multinational computer software company. The company is headquartered in San Jose, California, United States.
Advanced Micro Devices Inc – AMD.com was registered
On November 17, 1986, Advanced Micro Devices Inc registered the adobe.com domain name, making it 42nd .com domain ever to be registered. Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Sunnyvale, California, United States, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
Portal Communications Company – portal.com was registered
On November 17, 1986, Portal Communications Company registered the portal.com domain name, making it 42nd .com domain ever to be registered. Portal Software was founded in 1985 as Portal Information Network, one of the first ISPs in the San Francisco Bay Area. It was founded by John Little. The company offered its own interface through modem access that featured Internet email. Towards the end of the 1980s, the company offered FTP.
3com Corporation – 3Com.com was registered
On December 11, 1986, 3com Corporation registered the 3com.com domain name, making it 49th .com domain ever to be registered. 3Com Corporation was a digital electronics manufacturer best known for its computer network infrastructure products.
Unisys Corporation – unisys.com was registered
On December 11, 1986, Unisys registered the unisys.com domain name, making it 49th .com domain ever to be registered. Unisys Corporation is an American global information technology company based in Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, that provides a portfolio of IT services, software, and technology.
Convergent Media Systems Corporation – convergent.com was registered
On December 11, 1986, Convergent Media Systems Corporation registered the convergent.com domain name, making it 49th .com domain ever to be registered. Convergent Media Systems Corporation provides digital media solutions to the enterprise market in the United States and internationally.
SoftQuad Software – SQ.com was registered
On December 11, 1986, SoftQuad Software registered the sq.com domain name, making it 49th .com domain ever to be registered. SoftQuad Software was a Canadian software company best known for HoTMetaL, the first commercial HTML editor.
Amdahl Corporation – amdahl.com was registered
On December 11, 1986, Amdahl corporation registered the amdahl.com domain name, making it 49th .com domain ever to be registered. Amdahl Corporation was an information technology company which specialized in IBM mainframe compatible computer products, some of which were regarded as supercomputers competing with those from Cray Research.
Data General Corporation – DG.com was registered
On December 11, 1986, Data General corporation registered the dg.com domain name, making it 49th .com domain ever to be registered. Data General was one of the first minicomputer firms from the late 1960s. Three of the four founders were former employees of Digital Equipment Corporation.
Tandy Corporation – tandy.com was registered
On December 11, 1986, Tandy corporation registered the tandy.com domain name, making it 49th .com domain ever to be registered. Tandy Corporation, was an American family-owned leather goods company based in Fort Worth, Texas. Tandy Leather was founded in 1919 as a leather supply store, and acquired a number of craft retail companies, including RadioShack in 1963.
Concurrent Computer Corporation
On December 11, 1986, Concurrent Computer corporation registered the ccur.com domain name, making it 49th .com domain ever to be registered. Concurrent is a worldwide leader in providing digital on-demand syste ms to the broadband industry and real-time computer systems for indus try and government.
Peregrine Systems – peregrine.com was registered
On December 11, 1986, Peregrine Systems registered the peregrine.com domain name, making it 49th .com domain ever to be registered. Peregrine Systems, Inc. was an enterprise software company, founded in 1981, that sold enterprise asset management, change management, and ITIL-based IT service management software.
TCP/IP Goes Global
TCP/IP goes global (1989–2000) Between 1984 and 1988 CERN began installation and operation of TCP/IP to interconnect its major internal computer systems, workstations, PCs and an accelerator control system.
From Gopher to the WWW
As the Internet grew through the 1980s and early 1990s, many people realized the increasing need to be able to find and organize files and information.
UUNET, founded in 1987, was one of the largest Internet service providers and one of the early Tier 1 networks. It was based in Northern Virginia and was one of the first commercial Internet service providers.
Apple Computer’s HyperCard created
HyperCard is an application program and programming tool for Apple Macintosh and Apple IIGS computers, that is among the first successful hypermedia systems before the World Wide Web.
CGI Group – CGI.com was registered
On January 19, 1987, CGI Group Inc registered the cgi.com domain name, making it 61st .com domain ever to be registered. CGI Group Inc., more commonly known as CGI, is a Canadian global information technology (IT) consulting, systems integration, outsourcing, and solutions company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Apple Inc – apple.com was registered
On February 19, 1987, Apple Inc registered the apple.com domain name, making it 64th .com domain ever to be registered. Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
Prime Computer – prime.com was registered
On March 4, 1987, Prime Computer registered the prime.com domain name, making it 65th .com domain ever to be registered. Prime Computer, Inc. was a Natick, Massachusetts-based producer of minicomputers from 1972 until 1992.
Philips – philips.com was registered
On April 4, 1987, Philips registered the Philips.com domain name, making it 67th .com domain ever to be registered. Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Royal Philips, commonly known as Philips) is a Dutch technology company headquartered in Amsterdam with primary divisions focused in the areas of electronics, healthcare and lighting.
Datacube – datacube.com was registered
On April 23, 1987, Datacube registered the datacube.com domain name, making it 68th .com domain ever to be registered. Datacube Inc. (1978–2005) was an image processing company that developed real-time hardware and software products for the industrial, medical, military and scientific markets.
NCR Corporation – NCR.com was registered
On April 30, 1987, NCR Corproation registered the ncr.com domain name, making it 72nd .com domain ever to be registered. The NCR Corporation (abbrev. National Cash Register) is an American computer hardware, software and electronics company that makes self-service kiosks, point-of-sale terminals, automated teller machines, check processing systems, barcode scanners, and business consumables.
Cisco Systems – cisco.com was registered
On May 14, 1987, Cisco Systems registered the cisco.com domain name, making it 73rd .com domain ever to be registered. Cisco Systems, Inc. is an American multinational corporation technology company headquartered in San Jose, California, that designs, manufactures and sells networking equipment worldwide.
Schlumberger Limited – SLB.com was registered
On May 20, 1987, Schlumberger Limited registered the slb.com domain name, making it 75th .com domain ever to be registered. Schlumberger Limited is the world’s largest oilfield services company. Schlumberger employs approximately 100,000 people representing more than 140 nationalities working in more than 85 countries.
United Technologies Corporation
On May 27, 1987, United Technologies Corporation registered the utc.com domain name, making it 76th .com domain ever to be registered. United Technologies Corporation (UTC) is an American multinational conglomerate headquartered in Farmington, Connecticut.
TRW Inc – TRW.com was registered
On July 9, 1987, TRW Inc registered the trw.com domain name, making it 79th .com domain ever to be registered. TRW Inc. was an American corporation involved in a variety of businesses, mainly aerospace, automotive, and credit reporting. It was a pioneer in multiple fields including electronic components, integrated circuits, computers, software and systems engineering.
On July 27, 1987, Lockheed Corporation registered the lockheed.com domain name, making it 81st .com domain ever to be registered. The Lockheed Corporation (originally the Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company) was an American aerospace company. Lockheed was founded in 1912 and later merged with Martin Marietta to form Lockheed Martin in 1995.
Dupont – dupont.com was registered
On July 27, 1987, Dupont registered the dupont.com domain name, making it 81st .com domain ever to be registered. E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, commonly referred to as DuPont, is an American conglomerate that was founded in July 1802 as a gunpowder mill by French Éleuthère Irénée du Pont.
toad.com was registered
On August 18, 1987, John Gilmore registered the toad.com domain name, making it 84th .com domain ever to be registered. Gilmore owns the domain name toad.com, which is one of the 100 oldest active .com domains. It was registered on August 18, 1987. He runs the mail server at toad.com as an open mail relay.
Allied Signal – allied.com was registered
On September 3, 1987, Allied Signal registered the allied.com domain name, making it 86th .com domain ever to be registered. AlliedSignal was an American aerospace, automotive and engineering company created through the 1985 merger of Allied Corp.
Santacruz Operations Inc – SCO.com was registered
On September 3, 1987, Santa Cruz Operations Inc registered the sco.com domain name, making it 86th .com domain ever to be registered. Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) was a software company based in Santa Cruz, California which was best known for selling three Unix variants for Intel x86 processors: Xenix, SCO UNIX
Genentech Inc – gene.com was registered
On September 22, 1987, Genentech Inc registered the gene.com domain name, making it 89th .com domain ever to be registered. Genentech, Inc., is a biotechnology corporation which became a subsidiary of Roche in 2009.
Mentat Inc – mentat.com was registered
On September 30, 1987, Mentat Inc registered the mentat.com domain name, making it 93rd .com domain ever to be registered. Based in Los Angeles, California, Mentat is the leading supplier of standards-based, high-performance networking solutions to the computer and satellite industries.
Wyse Technology – WYSE.com was registered
On October 14, 1987, Wyse Technology registered the wyse.com domain name, making it 94th .com domain ever to be registered. Wyse is a manufacturer of cloud computing systems. They are best known for their video terminal line introduced in the 1980s, which competed with the market leading Digital.
Kendall Square Research – KSR.com was registered
On November 24, 1987, Kendall Square Research registered the ksr.com domain name, making it 99th .com domain ever to be registered. Kendall Square Research (KSR) was a supercomputer company headquartered originally in Kendall Square in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1986, near Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
NSFNET upgraded to 1.5 Mbit/s (T1)
NSFNET signed a five year cooperative agreement with Merit, IBM, and MCI to upgrade the NSFNET backbone. In 1988, the NSFNET backbone was upgraded to a 1.5 Mbit/s T1 network that featured thirteen nodes.
In 1998 both IANA and Inter NIC were reorganized under the control of ICANN, a California non-profit corporation contracted by the United States Department of Commerce to manage a number of Internet-related tasks.
OSI Reference Model released
The OSI Reference Model- Having a model in mind will help you understand how the pieces of the networking puzzle fit together. The most commonly used model is the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) reference model.
The Morris worm or Internet worm of November 2, 1988 was one of the first computer worms distributed via the Internet. It was the first to gain significant mainstream media attention.
November .int introduced
In November 1988, another TLD was introduced,int. This TLD was introduced in response to NATO’s request for a domain name which adequately reflected its character as an international organization.
PSINet founded, allows commercial traffic
PSINet, based in Northern Virginia, was one of the first commercial Internet service providers (ISPs) and was involved in the commercialization of the Internet until the company’s bankruptcy in 2001 during the dot-com bubble and acquisition by Cogent Communications in 2002.
Federal Internet Exchanges(FIXes)
The Federal Internet Exchange (FIX) points were policy-based network peering points where U.S. federal agency networks, such as the National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET), NASA Science Network (NSN), Energy Sciences Network (ESnet), and MILNET were interconnected.
Commercial internet forbidden
The interest in commercial use of the Internet became a hotly debated topic. Although commercial use was forbidden, the exact definition of commercial use could be unclear and subjective. UUCPNet and theX.25 IPSS had no such restrictions, which would eventually see the official barring of UUCPNet use of ARPANET and NSFNET connections.
Tim Berners-Lee invented a network-based implementation of the hypertext concept (www.)
HyperText is a way to link and access information of various kinds as a web of nodes in which the user can browse at will. It provides a single user-interface to large classes of information (reports, notes, data-bases, computer documentation and on-line help).
Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) is protocol that manages how packets are routed across the internet through the exchange of routing and reachability information between edge routers.
Seattle software Developers (formerly altavista/webdesign) goes LIVE
Seattle software Developers (formerly altavista/webdesign) goes live on internet site #287 in 1989
Phil Fischer Northwest Online
Phil Fischer, CEO of Northwest Online, operating from a 286 computer in Portland, Oregon loads up into the internet a website offering design services. The link “webdesign” off of archie becomes the 202nd website on the internet and the first website in the world offering design services.
Later changed to Northwest Online, Fischer charged his clients $250.00 per “web page” and offered endless changes. Later build AOL and Ebay.
The ARPANET was decommissioned in 1990. The existence of NSFNET and the creation of Federal Internet Exchanges (FIXes) allowed the ARPANET to be decommissioned in 1990.
Archie search engine from McGill University
Archie is a tool for indexing FTP archives, allowing people to find specific files. It is considered to be the first Internet search engine.
World Wide Web
In 1990, the Internet exploded into commercial society and was followed a year later by the release of the WorldWide Web by originator Tim Berners-Lee and CERN.
Advanced Network and Services (ANS)
Advanced Network and Services (ANS) was a United States non-profit organization formed in September 1990 by the NSFNET partners (Merit Network, IBM, and MCI) to run the network infrastructure for the soon to be upgraded NSFNET Backbone Service.
1990 By 1990, ARPANET had been overtaken and replaced by newer networking technologies and the project came toa close. New network service providers including PSINet, Alternet, CERFNet, ANS CO+RE, and many others were offering network access to commercial customers.
IMDb – Internet movie database
The Internet Movie Database (abbreviated IMDb) is an online database of information related to films, television programs and video games, including cast, production crew, fictional characters, biographies, plot summaries, trivia and reviews.
GOSIP (without TCP/IP)
Government Open Standards Interconnect Profile (GOSIP) THE FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARD (FIPS) #146: Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile (GOSIP)
Registration Services (DDN-NIC)
As the early ARPANET grew, hosts were referred to by names, and a HOSTS.TXT file would be distributed from SRI International to each host on the network. As the network grew, this became cumbersome.
ANS CO+RE allows commercial traffic
In 1991 a new ISP, ANS CO+RE (commercial plus research), was created as a for-profit subsidiary of the non-profit Advanced Network and Services. ANS CO+RE was……….
Wide area information server (WAIS)
Wide Area Information Server (WAIS) is a client–server text searching system that uses the ANSI Standard Z39.50 Information Retrieval Service Definition and Protocol Specifications for Library Applications” to search index databases on remote computers.
The World Wide Web is released (www)
On April 30, 1993, CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, released World Wide Web into the public domain. CERN issued a statement putting the Web into the public domain, ensuring that it would remain an open standard.
Commercial Internet eXchange (CIX)
The Commercial Internet eXchange (CIX) was an early interexchange point that allowed the free exchange of TCP/IP traffic, including commercial traffic, between ISPs. It was an important initial effort toward creating the commercial Internet that we know today.
Phil Fischer obtains 12303 one worded dictionary domain names from the Defense Information Systems for free
December 19th, 1991. Phil Fischer obtains 12303 one worded dictionary domain names from the Defense Information Systems for free ……
Department of Defense would no longer fund registration services
By the 1990s, most of the growth of the Internet was in the non-defense sector, and even outside the United States. Therefore, the US Department of Defense would no longer fund registration services outside of the mil domain.
The Internet Society, a professional membership society was formed
The Internet Society (ISOC) is an international, non-profit organization founded in 1992 to provide leadership in Internet-related standards, education, access, and policy.
NSFNET Backbone T3 Name
During 1991 the backbone was upgraded to 45 Mbit/s (T-3) transmission speed and expanded to interconnect 16 nodes. The routers on the upgraded backbone were based on an IBM RS/6000 workstation running UNIX.
Registration Services would be provided by Network Solutions
Network Solutions, Inc. (NSI) first operated the domain name system (DNS) registry under a sub-contract with the U.S. Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) in September 1991.
InterNIC DNS Registry
Initially the registration of domain names was free,subsidized by the National Science Foundation through IANA, but by 1992 a neworganization was needed to specifically handle the exponential increase in flow to the Internet.
Fewer than 15,000 dot.com domains were registered
By 1992 fewer than 15,000 dot.com domains were registered. On 15 March 1985, the first commercial Internet domain name (.com) was registered under the name Symbolics.com by Symbolics Inc., a computer systems firm in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Phil Fischer drops all 12303 of the one worded domain names for lack of payment
January 12th, 1992
Phil Fischer drops all 12303 of the one worded domain names for lack of payment. A few years later Greatdomains.com brokers the same domain names such as loans.com, and car.com, and business.com for Millions.
North American Network Operators’ Group (NANOG) established
The North American Network Operators’ Group (NANOG) is an educational and operational forum for the coordination and dissemination of technical information related to backbone/enterprise networking technologies and operational practices.
Mosaic Web Browser and its Release
NCSA Mosaic, or simply Mosaic, is a discontinued early web browser. It has been credited with popularizing the World Wide Web. It was also a client for earlier protocols such as File Transfer Protocol, Network News Transfer Protocol, and gopher.
WWW Logo by Robert Cailliau
The name Robert Cailliau may not ring a bell to the general public, but his invention is the reason why you are reading this: Dr. Cailliau together with his colleague Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web……….
Lycos, Inc., is a search engine and web portal established in 1994, spun out of Carnegie Mellon University. Lycos also encompasses a network of email, webhosting, social networking, and entertainment websites.
Netscape Navigator is a discontinued proprietary web browser, and the original browser of the Netscape line, from versions 1 to 4.08, and 9.x. It was the flagship product of the Netscape Communications Corp…..
WebCrawler is a metasearch engine that blends the top search results from Google Search and Yahoo! Search. WebCrawler also provides users the option to search for images, audio, video, news, yellow pages and white pages.
Yahoo Inc. (also known simply as Yahoo!, styled as YAHOO!) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Sunnyvale, California. Yahoo was founded by Jerry Yang and David Filo in January 1994 and was incorporated on March 2, 1995.
The Superhighway and Summit
The information superhighway or infobahn was a popular term used through the 1990s to refer to digital communication systems and the Internet telecommunications network.
Marking a new phase for the Internet, the NSFNET Backbone was decommissioned at midnight on April 30, 1995. The National Science Foundation, which established the NSFNET Program in 1985….
NSF stops subsidizing domain registrations
The World Wide Web, InterNIC, and the public domain. In 1990, the Internet exploded into commercial society and was followed a year later by the release of the World Wide Web…..
Craigslist classified advertisements
Craigslist (stylized as craigslist) is an American classified advertisements website with sections devoted to jobs, housing, personals, for sale, items wanted, services, community, gigs, résumés, and discussion forums.
Very high-speed Backbone Network Service (vBNS)
The very high-speed Backbone Network Service (vBNS) came on line in April 1995 as part of a National Science Foundation (NSF) sponsored project to provide high-speed interconnection between NSF-sponsored……..
By the mid-1990s there was discussion of introduction of more TLDs. Jon Postel, as head of IANA, invited applications from interested parties. In early 1995, Postel created “Draft Postel”……
New Internet architecture with commercial ISPs connected at NAP
Internet Exchanges and NAPs (Network Access Points) By 1993, the NSFNET decided to defund the NSFNET and do away with the AUP in order to promote commercialization of the Internet.
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the most recent version of the Internet Protocol (IP), the communications protocol that provides an identification and location system for computers on networks and routes traffic across the Internet.
Amazon.com online retailer
Amazon.com, Inc., often referred to as simply Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company with headquarters in Seattle, Washington. It is the largest Internet-based retailer in the world by total sales and market capitalization.
AltaVista was a web search engine established in 1995. It became one of the most used early search engines, but lost ground to Google and was purchased by Yahoo! in 2003, which retained the brand but based all AltaVista searches on its own search engine.
eBay online auction and shopping
eBay Inc., is an American multinational corporation and e-commerce company, providing consumer-to-consumer and business-to-consumer sales services via the Internet.
Mobile Phones Connect
1996 Mobile phones and the Internet. The first mobile phone with Internet connectivity was theNokia 9000 Communicator, launched in Finland in 1996.
24 Hours in Cyberspace, “the largest one-day online event”
24 Hours in Cyberspace (February 8, 1996) was “the largest one-day online event” up to that date, headed by photographer Rick Smolan with Jennifer Erwitt, Tom Melcher, Samir Arora and Clement Mok.
Hotmail – Free web-based e-mail
Hotmail is a free e-mail service provided by Microsoft. It was established in 1995. Hotmail , Windows Live Hotmail , previously known as MSN Hotmail and commonly referred to as Hotmail………
There are two ccTLDs that have been deleted after the corresponding 2-letter code was withdrawn from ISO 3166-1: cs (for Czechoslovakia) andzr (for Zaire)
There are three ccTLDs that have been deleted after the corresponding 2-letter code was withdrawn from ISO 3166-1: cs (for Czechoslovakia), zr (for Zaire) and tp (for East Timor).
Babel Fish automatic translation
Yahoo! Babel Fish was a free web-based multilingual translation application. In May 2012 it was replaced by Bing Translator, to which queries were redirected.
International Ad Hoc Committee (IAHC) Set Up
The IAHC (International Ad Hoc Committee) was formed in 1996 by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) and Internet Society (ISOC). During this period, commercial restrictions on the web…..
Jon Postel worked as the manager of IANA until his death in 1998.
Jonathan Bruce Postel made many significant contributions to the creation of the Internet, particularly in the area of standards. The Economist dubbed him the “God” of the Internet, and many still refer to him as the network’s principal founder.
Google is an American multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products that include online advertising technologies, search, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
National Telecommunications and Information Administration, issued “A Proposal to Improve the Technical Management of Internet Names and Addresses.”
Today’s Internet is an outgrowth of U.S. government investments inpacket-switching technology and communications networks carried outunder agreements with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency(DARPA)….
Altavista.com sold for $3.3 million
Compaq pays $3.3 million for Alta Vista Web address. Digital Equipment Corp. played hard to get, but perhaps Compaq Computer Corp. will turn out to be a softer touch.
Internet2 is a not-for-profit United States computer networking consortium led by members from the research and education communities, industry, and government.
NTT DoCoMo in Japan launched the first mobile Internet service, i-mode
NTT DOCOMO, Inc. is the predominant mobile phone operator in Japan. The name is officially an abbreviation of the phrase, “do communications over the mobile network”, and is also from a compound word dokomo, meaning “everywhere” in Japanese.
Napster – Peer-to-Peer file sharing
Napster was the name given to two music-focused online services. It was originally founded as a pioneering peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing Internet service that emphasized sharing digital audio files, typically songs, encoded in MP3 format.
IEEE 802.11b wireless networking
IEEE 802.11b-1999 or 802.11b, is an amendment to the IEEE 802.11 wireless networking specification that extends throughput up to 11 Mbit/s using the same 2.4GHz band. A related amendment was incorporated into the IEEE 802.11-2007 standard.
Shared Registration System – SRS was created in 1999. The United States Department of Commerce took initiative to create SRS, under an amendment to its cooperative agreement with Network Solutions, Inc.
Business.com sold for $7.5 million
Business.com is a digital media company and B2B web destination which offers various performance marketing advertising, including lead generation products on a pay per lead and pay per click basis, directory listings, and display advertising.
Dot-com bubble bursts
The dot-com bubble (also known as the dot-com boom, the tech bubble, the Internet bubble, the dot-com collapse, and the information technology bubble) was a historic speculative bubble …….
Example.com, example.net, example.org, and example.edu are second-level domain names reserved for documentation purposes and examples of the use of domain names.
Loans.com sells for $3,000,000 becomes GreatDomains.com
Banking behemoth Bank of America has finalized a record $3 million (US$) auction bid for the domain name Loans.com. Domain name auctioneer GreatDomains.com
Cinema.com $ 700,000 GreatDomains.com
GreatDomains.com, the world’s one-stop source for buying and selling domain names and Web sites, today announced the successful auction of Cinema.com, which sold for $700,000.
AsSeenOnTv.com sold for $5.1 million
Asseenontv.com – This domain was purchased by LA Group in 2000 for a price of $ 5.1 million. This domain was used to protect brand name “asseenattv.com” of LA Group.
ForSaleByOwner.com sells for $ 835,000 becomes GreatDomains.com
Forsalebyowner.com is the United States largest “by owner” real estate website. It provides a real estate advertising and information service………
The Internet in 2000’s
It is estimated that in 1993 the Internet carried only 1% of the information flowing through two-way telecommunication, by 2000 this figure had grown to 51%, and by 2007……..
Dot com Bubble
The dot-com bubble (also known as the dot-com boom, the tech bubble, the Internet bubble, the dot-com collapse, and the information technology bubble was a historic speculative ….
.aero .biz .coop .info .museum .name .pro
In September 1998, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) was created to take over the task of managing domain names.
.eu – European Union
eu (European Union): On September 25, 2000, ICANN decided to allow the use of any two-letter code in the ISO 3166-1 reserve list that is reserved for all purposes. Only EU currently meets this criterion.
Code Red I, Code Red II, and Nimda worms
Code Red was a computer worm observed on the Internet on July 15, 2001. It attacked computers running Microsoft’s IIS web server.
Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia that, by default, allows its users to edit any article. Wikipedia is the largest and most popular general reference work on the Internet and is ranked among the ten most popular websites.
Mobile phone email system by Research in Motion for their BlackBerry product was launched in America
Research in Motion Ltd. is known primarily as the maker and provider of BlackBerry wireless devices and e-mail services. These always-on devices have proven popular with corporations….
Whois is a TCP-based query/response protocol which is widely used for querying a database in order to determine the owner of a domain name, an IP address, or an autonomous system number on the Internet.
ICANN PUBLISHES THE COMPLETE LIST OF TLD REGISTRIES AND DOMAIN NAME REGISTRARS
The following companies have been accredited by ICANN to act as registrars in one or more generic top-level domains (gTLDs).
Biz, info, and museum are activated
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that the first two of the recently authorized top-level domain names for the Internet…
Robert Metcalfe receives National Medal of Technology he co-invented the Ethernet
Robert Melancton “Bob” Metcalfe (born April 7, 1946 is an electrical engineer from the United States who co-invented Ethernet, founded 3Com and formulated Metcalfe’s Law.
Wesley A Clark developed LINC computers and helped plan some of the ideas behind the ARPANET
Wesley Allison Clark (April 10, 1927 – February 22, 2016) was an American physicist who is credited for designing the first modern personal computer.
Third Level Domains
A third-level domain is the next highest level following the second-level domain in domain name hierarchy. It is the segment that is found directly to the left of the second-level domain.
.aero (derived from aeronautics) is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) used in the Domain Name System of the Internet. It is the first sponsored top-level domain based on a single industrial theme.
.us is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the United States. It was established in 1985. Registrants of .us domains must be United States citizens, residents, or organizations, or a foreign entity with a presence in the United States.
The domain name pro is a generic top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet. Its name is derived from professional, indicating its intended use by certified professionals.
Myspace – Social Networking Site
Myspace is a social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos. It is headquartered in Beverly Hills, California.
The PROTECT Act incorporates the Truth in Domain Names Act (TDNA) of 2003 (originally two separate Bills, submitted by Senator Orrin Hatch and Congressman Mike Pence).
National Lambda Rail founded
National LambdaRail, Inc. provides a network for a range of academic disciplines and public-private partnerships. It offers Lambda-based connectivity and transport services…
Skype – Internet voice calls
Skype is an application that provides video chat and voice call services. Users may exchange such digital documents as images, text, video and any others, and may transmit both text and video messages.
The domain name org is a generic top-level domain (gTLD) of the Domain Name System (DNS) used in the Internet. The name is truncated from organization.
The iTunes Store is a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc. It opened on April 28, 2003, and has been the largest music vendor in the United States since April 2008, and the largest music vendor…
LinkedIn business networking
LinkedIn is a business and employment-oriented social networking service that operates via websites. Founded on December 14, 2002, and launched on May 5, 2003, it is mainly used for professional networking,
ICANN approved .asia, .cat, .jobs, .mobi, .tel and .travel as TLD
ICANN added further TLDs,starting with a set of sponsored top-level domains. The application period for these was from December 15, 2003 until March 16, 2004, and resulted in ten applications.
Facebook – Social networking site – 2004
Facebook is an American for-profit corporation and online social media and social networking service based in Menlo Park, California, United States.
Flickr – Image Hosting
Flickr (pronounced “flicker”) is an image hosting and video hosting website and web services suite that was created by Ludicorp in 2004 and acquired by Yahoo on March 20, 2005.
Podcast – Media File Series
A podcast is an episodic series of digital media files which a user can set up so that new episodes are automatically downloaded via web syndication to the user’s own local computer or portable media player.
CreditCards.com sold for $2.75 million
“CreditCards.com, the domain name, has been purchased for $2.75 million by ClickSuccess, L.P., an Austin, Texas-based firm specializing in marketing financial products online.
Google Earth – Virtual Globe
Google Earth is a virtual globe, map and geographical information program that was originally called EarthViewer 3D created by Keyhole Inc…
YouTube – Video sharing
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California, United States. The service was created by three former PayPal employees Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim in February 2005.
Cerf and Kahn receieve the Medal of Fredom and are widely held as the “fathers of the internet”
Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn designed the software code that is used to transmit data over the Internet. Dr. Cerf and Dr. Kahn have been at the forefront of a digital revolution…..
Twitter is an online news and social networking service where users post and read short 140-character messages called “tweets”.
Domain Transfer Made Easier
Domains can be transferred between registrars. Prior to October 2006, the procedure used by Verisign was complex and unreliable – requiring a notary public to verify the identity…
Requests For More Generic Top Level Domains
The introduction of several generic top-level domains over the years has not stopped the demand for more gTLDsand ICANN has received many proposals for establishment of new top-level domains.
Worst Spam Offenders
On May 23, 2008, ICANN issued Enforcement Notices against 10 Accredited Registrars and announced this through a press release entitled: “Worst Spam Offenders”….
ICANN started a new process of TLD naming policy
During the 32nd International Public ICANN Meeting in Paris in 2008, ICANN started a new process of TLD naming policy to take a “significant step forward on the introduction of new generic top-level domains.
Absolute Poker was founded by Scott Tom. From early in the life of the site the owners were involved in large scale cheating on the site.
Internationalizing Domain Names Country Top Level Domains
An internationalized domain name (IDN) is an Internet domain name that contains at least one label that is displayed in software applications, in whole or in part, in a language-specific script…..
Toys.com auction for $5.1 million
Toys ‘R’ Us will be purchasing the Toys.com domain name for $5.1M. The company outbid National A-1 Advertising in an auction that was live blogged on DirectNavigation.com.
Bing search engine
Bing is a web search engine owned and operated by Microsoft. The service has its origins in Microsoft’s previous search engines: MSN Search, Windows Live Search and later Live Search.
21 Generic Top Level Domains
As of October 2009,there are 21 generic top-level domains and 250 two-letter country-codetop-level domains.
Countries with non-Latin based alphabets or scripting systems apply for internationalized country code top-level domain names
Since 2009, countries with non–Latin-based scripts may apply for internationalized country code top-level domain names, which are displayed in end-user applications in their language-native script ….
Geo Top Level Domains .cat .asia
A GeoTLD (geographic TLD) is a top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet using the name of or invoking an association with a geographical….
.mx is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Mexico, which in 2009 was re-opened to new registrations by NIC México.
Candy.com sold for $3.0 million
G&J Holdings purchased Candy.com for a sweet $3 million in 2009. Candy.com is now a shiny new, online store for all sorts of sweets after the domain name….
ICANN accepts Internationalizing Domain Name Country Code Top Level Domains
ICANN started to accept applications for IDNccTLDs in November 2009, and installed the first set into the Domain Names System in May 2010.
Number of active domains reached 196 million.
In 2010, the number of active domains reached 196 million. OVER 196 MILLION DOMAIN NAMES REGISTERED
In 2010, ICANN approved a major review of its policies with respect to accountability, transparency, and public participation by the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University.
Vint Cerf was instrumental in the funding and formation of ICANN
Vinton Cerf was instrumental in the funding and formation of ICANN from the start. Cerf waited in the wings for a year before he stepped forward to join the ICANN Board.
Seizing Domain Names
The congress encouraged this by passing the Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act in 2010.
First Low Orbit Connection
The first live Internet link into low earth orbit was established on January 22, 2010 when astronaut T. J. Creamer posted the first unassisted update….
.co is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) assigned to Colombia. It is administered by .CO Internet S.A.S. As of July 10, 2010, there are no registration restrictions…
Yugoslavia, YU, was removed, but the yu ccTLD remained
The previous code for Yugoslavia, YU, was removed on 2003, but the yu ccTLD remained in operation. Finally, after a two-year transition to Serbian rs and Montenegrin me, the .yu domain was phased out in March 2010.
In December 2009 there were 192 million domain names
In December 2009 there were 192 million domain names. A large fraction of them are in the .com TLD, which as of March 15, 2010 had 84 million domain names….
Public Interest Registry announced that there are over 8 million domain names registered as .org
The Public Interest Registry announced that there are over 8 million domain names registered as .org, making it the third largest generic top-level domain.
.xxx TLD received initial approval from the ICANN
XXX top level domain gets initial approval. ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, has given initial approval for a .xxx top-level domain.
Sex.com sold for $13 million in October 2010
Sex.com internet domain name sold for $13m. The domain was put up for auction in July 2010 when its former owner, Escom LLC, went bankrupt.
FB.com sold for $8.5 million in November 2010
Facebook paid the American Farm Bureau $8.5 million for the domain name FB.com, now used internally by employees of the social network. The transaction might have included other related web addresses yet to be revealed.
ICANN distributed last batch of its remainingIPv4 addresses to world’s five Regional Internet Registries
On February 3, 2011, ICANN announced that it had distributed the last batch of its remaining IPv4 addresses to the world’s five Regional Internet Registries, the organizations that manage IP addresses in different regions.
Vinton Cerf became the Chairman of the ICANN board
Vint Cerf elected ICANN chairman. The 57-year-old Internet pioneer was elected chairman of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).
Restrictions on Generic Top Level Domain Names
On June 20, 2011 ICANN’s board voted to end most restrictions on the generic top-level domain names (gTLD)fromthe 22 currently available.
Verisign, the operator of net after acquiring Network Solutions, automatically renewed for another six years due to an clause in the contract with ICANN
Verisign, the operator of net after acquiring Network Solutions, held an operations contract that expired on 30 June 2005. ICANN, the organization responsible for domain management…
Sedo.com Raises Commission
July 1, 2011
Sedo.com announced today that it is raising the commission rate of sale made through the it’s Marketplace (without broker assistance) to 15% from 10%.
DirecTV Wins First Ever .So Domain Arbitration
July 1, 2011
DirecTV has won what may be the first ever .so domain name arbitration case.
Nominet Considers 1 Year .UK Registrations
July 5, 2011
Nominet is considering offering .uk domain names for periods other than two years, including shorter one year registrations.
More TLD Trademarks: .Law, .Kom, .Tom, .Construction, .Hub
July 5, 2011
New top level domain name trademark “frontrunning” continues as 9 more trademarks have been filed related to new TLDs.
ICANN has $750k to advertise new gTLDs
July 6, 2011
ICANN is looking for an advertising agency to help it get the word out about the new generic top-level domains program, but it only has $750,000 to spend.
VeriSign Releases Domain Traffic Treasure Trove to the Public
July 6, 2011
VeriSign has released VERISIGN Domain Score to the public. The beta tool allows anyone to enter an unregistered domain name and get an idea of how much traffic the domain gets.
Disc Golf Associations Buys DiscGolf.com Domain Name
July 9, 2011
Company that “founded” disc golf buys DiscGolf.com.
Cricket Communications Reaches Settlement Over Cricket.com
July 11, 2011
Cricket Communications and Cricket.com owner Global Cricket Ventures have reached a “settlement in principle” over the parties’ trademark infringement suit.
Verisign Announces Increase in .com/.net Domain Name Fees
Jul 14, 2011
VeriSign, Inc. (NASDAQ: VRSN), the trusted provider of Internet infrastructure services for the networked world, today announced, effective Jan.
Peter Dengate Thrush Joins Minds + Machines
Jul 17, 2011
Peter Dengate Thrush appointed Executive Chairman of Top Level Domain Holdings Limited. Mr. Dengate Thrush was until recently the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the ICANN.
Google Buys G.Co
July 18, 2011
Google joins Internet biggies today in taking over the G.Co domain name, buying the TLD in order to build the official URL shortcut for Google products like GMail, Documents and Photos.
Google offers free websites to CA small businesses
July 20, 2011
Google is launching a program that offers California small businesses free websites and online training to help them grow and find customers.
IDN NOW SUPPORTED BY GOOGLE ADWORDS
July 27, 2011
Google Adwords now allows Internationalized domain names.
Facebook files lawsuit against 25 domain “typosquatters”
July 28, 2011
Facebook filed a lawsuit Thursday against several companies that bought domain names similar to facebook.com, alleging trademark infringement.
Neustar Announces .Biz Price Increase
July 31, 2011
Neustar has informed its registrars and ICANN that it will increase its annual prices for .biz domain names effective February 1, 2012.
Speek Buys Speak.com Domain Name
August 2, 2011
Web-based teleconferencing system Speek has purchased the domain name Speak.com from a familiar face in the domain name industry.
Is .NGO the First Defensive TLD Registration Announcement?
03 Aug 2011
This week Public Interest Registry (PIR) announced it will apply for the .ngo top level domain name when ICANN opens up its application process next year.
Wikimedia wins dispute over web hosting comparison site
August 3, 2011
Wikimedia wins dispute over web hosting comparison site. Wikipedia owner Wikimedia Foundation Inc. has won a case against the owner of WebhostingWikipedia.com…
Network Solutions sold to Web.com for $405M and stock
Aug 3, 2011
Network Solutions has been scooped up by Web.com Group Inc., which will pay $405 million in cash and issue 18 million shares of common stock to buy the Herndon-based web domain registrar.
GoDaddy Sold 109,000 Domains
August 4, 2011
Godaddy launched a domain name market analysis section on their site today which touts the claim that they are selling more domain names at auction than industry veteran Sedo.com.
Alibaba loses domain name arbitration case
August 8, 2011
Global internet giant Alibaba has lost a domain name dispute for the domain Alibaba.info because of insufficient evidence that the domain was registered in bad faith.
Demand Media Renews Ad Deal With Google
Aug 9, 2011
Web content giant Demand Media is announcing a number of acquisitions and a renewal of its Google ad deal today.
ANA chief calls for new gTLDs to be suspended
August 9, 2011
The president of the Association of National Advertisers said the organization may sue ICANN unless it suspends its new top-level domains program.
PIR Confirms Continued .Org Domain Name Registration Growth
August 15, 2011
Public Interest Registry, which operates .org, today confirmed continued strong registration growth of .org domain names.
.XXX Plans to Spend $15 Million in First Year Promoting New Domain to Web Users
August 16, 2011
With the first .xxx domain names from the “Founder’s” program coming online and the trademark sunrise period soon to get underway…
ICANN chief Rod Beckstrom to leave at end of term
August 17, 2011
Rod Beckstrom, an American who took over as president and chief executive of ICANN in July 2009, said he will step down from the position when his term ends on July 1, 2012.
VeriSign Gets Mobile with MobileView
August 17, 2011
VeriSign MobileView uses mobile detection and redirection to render mobile friendly web sites while keeping the same domain name that customers already use.
.Asia Plans to Release 1 and 2 Character Domain Names
August 18, 2011
.Asia registry DotAsia Organisation Ltd is joining fellow top level domain name operators with plans to release one and two character domain names.
Sedo Hires Researcher Behind IDNX
Aug 22, 2011
Domain Market place and parking provider Sedo has announced that Thies Lindenthal has been appointed Product Manager for Domain Pricing.
Left of the Dot Media Claims a Major Success With Their New Method of Domain Monetization
August 25, 2011
Left of The Dot Media Inc. (LOTD) created a lot of buzz when the new domain monetization company introduced itself during a Test Track session at the T.R.A.F.F.I.C. conference….
Amazon Continues Domain Name Collecting with KindleWave.com
Aug 25, 2011
Just a couple of days ago, the folks at Amazon took it upon themselves to scoop up the domain name KindleScribe.com
Internet Adds More Than Five Million Domain Names in Second Quarter
Aug 31, 2011
More than five million domain names were added to the Internet in the second quarter of 2011, bringing the total number of registered domain names…
Garry Chernoff Sells MoneyLender.com for $75,000
September 1, 2011
Chernoff strikes again with MoneyLender.com. There are a number of people who are looking for money lenders these days. But not domainer Garry Chernoff…
215 MILLION DOMAIN NAMES REGISTERED AT THE END OF AUGUST
September 3, 2011
The end of the second quarter of this year saw over 215 million domain name registrations across all Top Level Domains (TLDs), an increase of 5.2 million domain names over the first quarter…
StumbleUpon Buys Stumblers.com for $6,000
September 4, 2011
Social sharing site StumbleUpon has purchased the domain name Stumblers.com for $6,000. StubleUpon users are called “stumblers”.
UBM Confirms Sale of Data.com Domain Name Sale for $4.5 Million
September 7, 2011
The Group Company sold a portfolio of domain names for total consideration of $4.5m (Â£2.8m).
Soci.al Domain Sells for $50,000
September 17, 2011
Soci.al domain sells to Mark Monitor client. The domain name hack Soci.al has been sold for $50,000 according to host.al.
Austin Company Vertive Buys Couponcodes.com
September 20, 2011
Couponcodes.com domain name was purchased by a Austin company Vertive for an undisclosed sum.
.Mobi Reaches its Fifth Year
September 27, 2011
Mobile domain reaches five year anniversary. .Mobi was launched Five years ago, officially opening the doors to what would become a roller coaster for domain investors.
Amazon Purchases Kindlefire.com
Sep 28, 2011
Amazon Confirms The purchase of “Kindle Fire” On Their Website….
Frank Michlick Joins Sedo
October 4, 2011
Frank Michlick joins domain name marketplace. Sedo – Leading domain name marketplace and monetization provider, announced….
Sedo going to Auction Over 170 Premium .Me Domain Names
October 7, 2011
Sedo is going to auction more than 170 .me domain names currently held by the .me registry. The auction will start October 27th and runs until Thursday….
Web.com Plans .Web Top Level Domain
October 24, 2011
Web.com plans to apply for the .web top level domain name and says no one else should be allowed to apply for the TLD due to its trademarks.
StumbleUpon Buys Stumbled.com
November 6, 2011
Earlier StumbleUpon bought Stumblers.com, now it has picked up Stumbled.com….
Celebrating 25 years of .DE domains
November 9, 2011
On 2011-11-11, the domain extension .DE will celebrate its 25th birthday. On November 5, 1986, .DE was the 10th country code top-level domain to be added…
ANA FORMS COALITION AGAINST NEW GENERIC DOMAIN NAMES
November 12, 2011
A few months back, Association of National Advertisers (ANA) slammed ICANN’s new gTLD (generic Top Level Domain) initiative. Eighty-seven major national…….
Sedo Releases Updated IDNX with Other TLDs
November 16, 2011
Today Sedo and its research partner (now an employee) released an updated version of the IDNX, a price index for domain names…..
AUSTRALIAN BUSINESSES SHOW INTEREST IN NEW GENERIC DOMAIN NAMES
November 27, 2011
A survey of 200 small and medium enterprise owners and CEOs from Australia, Singapore, and Hong Kong has found nearly….
A NEW TOP LEVEL DOMAIN TO COMMENCE OPERATIONS
December 5, 2011
ICANN has approved the delegation and operations of the new country code Top Level Domain (ccTLD), .sx, to a registry located in the equally…..
Tim Schumacher to Leave SEDO
December 5, 2011
Sedo co-founder Tim Schumacher to resign as CEO and transition to board of director…
DomainTools Launches Screenshots.com
December 6, 2011
DomainTools, the recognized leader in domain name research and monitoring, today launched Screenshots.com, a website that allows users to view…..
Amazon.com buys SmartIsBeautiful.com
Decembet 9, 2011
Amazon.com just bought SmartIsBeautiful.com The domain name was owned by BuyDomains until July 21, 2011, according to historical whois records…
FTC warns domain-name expansion poses ‘significant threat to consumers’
December 16, 2011
The Federal Trade Commission today sent a letter to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the organization that oversees Internet domain names….
Vistaprint Buys Webs.com
Dec 19, 2011
Printing services giant Vistaprint announced on Monday that it had acquired web hosting provider Webs Inc…
Gold.biz attracts 16,000 EUR bid at Sedo
January 2, 2012
Gold.biz has a 16,000 euro bid and is scheduled to close on January 6…..
Zooz uses 1% of its funding to buy Zooz.com
January 4, 2012
Zooz spends 1% of its recent funding round on a domain name and other interesting domain name purchases…..
Dudu.com Sold for $1 million
January 5, 2012
A Dubai-based social networking site, Dudu, has paid $1 million for dudu.com, making one Chinese domainer a very happy man indeed…..
Righthaven.com Domain Sold For $3,300
January 11, 2012
Righthaven’s domain name is sold for $3,300 to an unknown bidder, while more of its assets could be auctioned off to pay the company’s substantial debts….
DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM BLOCKING REMOVED FROM SOPA
January 14, 2012
The proposed U.S. Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) has been watered down a little after protests that it would “break” security features of the Internet…..
IAC sells Sendori for $3 million
January 20, 2012
IAC’s sponsored listing/traffic monetization unit sold. IAC has sold its Sendori unit for a total consideration of $3 million, nearly three years after buying the company…
GoDaddy joins SedoMLS network
January 30, 2012
The world’s largest domain name registrar has joined the SedoMLS network, giving more exposure to domain owners selling their domains through Sedo….
KeyDrive Acquires Moniker and SnapNames from Oversee
February 3, 2012
Luxembourg-based KeyDrive S.A. announced on Friday it has acquired the Moniker and SnapNames business units of online marketing firm Oversee.
DealDash Acquires Swoopo
February 8, 2012
Penny auction site DealDash has acquired the Swoopo.com domain name. DealDash was one of the very first penny auctions to launch in the US (April 2009), they launched as BidRay.
.Halal top level domain in the works
February 16, 2012
Halalan Tayyiban, Corp is planning to apply for the .halal top level domain name.
Melbourne IT to work on at least 120 new TLD applications
Februrary 21, 2012
Melbourne IT has disclosed that it already has 120 new top level domain applications it is working on as of February 14. It expects that number to hit 150 by the end of the application period in April.
ARI Registry Services picks up .sydney, .melbourne and .victoria new top level domains.
February 22, 2012
ARI Registry Services picks up three more new top level domains.
HP purchases CloudFolders.com
February 29, 2012
HP buys domain for cloud offering and a look at 18 other end user domain purchases this past week.
March 11, 2012
The latest Domain Name Industry Brief from Verisign shows in the final quarter of last year, registrations of all Top Level Domains (TLDs) grew by 2.7 percent since the third quarter.
The state of .tel in 2012
March 13, 2012
.Tel has been quiet, at least in the domainer community, for quite some time. There are a couple good reasons for this: you can’t park .tel domains and no one is getting rich trying to resell them for a profit.
.Uk domain hits 10 million milestone
March 16, 2012
10 million .uk domain names currently registered. Today .uk domain registry Nominet announced that the .uk domain crossed the 10 million domain milestone this week.
WORLD’S OLDEST .COM DOMAIN NAME TURNS 27
March 17, 2012
Domain names may seem to have been around forever, but the first .com name was registered just 27 years ago.
NEW GTLD’S WILL NOT HAVE MORE GOOGLE RANKING POWER
March 19, 2012
The world of search engine optimization (SEO) is full of myths in regard to ranking well on Google – and the latest to be busted relates to new generic Top Level Domains (gTLD’s).
Austin.com sold to iEstates, LLC
March 27, 2012
The domain name Austin.com has been purchased by iEstates, LLC for an undisclosed price.
Bankrate buys Columbus leads generator InsuranceAgents.com
March 29, 2012
InsuranceAgents.com, one of Central Ohio’s fastest-growing companies over the past several years, has been acquired by Bankrate Inc.
Netflix purchases DVD.com
March 30, 2012
Netflix has confirmed its purchase of DVD.com. A spokesperson tells Domain Name Wire “Netflix cares about keeping DVD healthy, and this is just one small investment in keeping DVD healthy.”
WheelsUp.com sold to Marquis Jet
March 30, 2012
Marquis Jet founder bought domain for new investment firm, later shuns $500k offer.
Jackpot.com domain sells for $500,000
April 18, 2012
A British Virgin Islands company has purchased the domain name Jackpot.com for $500,000.
Germany’s .De crosses 15 million domain mark
April 19, 2012
.De registry DENIC has announced that Germany’s country code domain name has hit a major milestone: 15 million domains currently registered.
Beenz.com domain name sells for $20,000
April 25, 2012
A European company, Beenz Europe BV, has purchased the domain name Beenz.com for $20,000 and placed a “coming soon” page on the web site.
Demand Media invests $18 million in new TLDs
May 8, 2012
Demand Media, parent company of eNom, announced today that it has invested $18 million into new top level domain names.
Intuit buys Apps.net for 24,100 EUR among 25 end user domain sales
May 16, 2012
Intuit picks up Apps.net domain name and other notable domain purchases.
MLB buys Athletics.com domain name
May 17, 2012
Major League Baseball makes another big domain acquisition.
Viacom company buys Film.com
May 21, 2012
MTV Networks site NextMovie has acquired Film.com, the company announced last week.
Warner Bros buys Injustice.com for $7500 – a new online game?
May 24, 2012
Movie studio Warner Bros. has purchased the domain name Injustice.com for $7,500 through Afternic.
Donuts raises $100 million, applies for 307 new TLDs
June 5, 2012
Donuts, a new TLD applicant founded by eNom founder Paul Stahura, announced the most ambitious public new TLD plans to date: a $100 investment and 307 applications.
Amazon.com’s Quidsi acquires Afterschool.com
June 19, 2012
Amazon.com’s Quidsi, the company behind stores with great domains has purchased the domain name Afterschool.com
Internet hits 233 million domain names
July 16, 2012
Second level domain space continues to grow….
Zynga acquires Chefville.com domain name
July 18, 2012
Zynga pockets key domain name for new game…
Salesforce.com buys Work.com domain name
July 30, 2012
Another confirmation that Salesforce.com bought Work.com domain name….
Marchex sells record $3.3 million in domains
August 2, 2012
Marchex, Most notable to the domain name industry is that the company had a record quarter for domain name sales — $3.3 million…
Go Daddy Auctions sells 31,481 domains
September 4, 2012
The monthly Go Daddy Auctions Domain Market Report is out, and the headline number is 31,481 domain names sold during August…
.tv domain turns 10
September 6, 2012
The one .tv domain name that has done the most to build the .TV domain name brand turned ten last month.
CA Technologies sells Platinum.com domain name for $250,000
September 21, 2012
CA Technologies (aka Computer Associates) has sold one of its prime domain names, Platinum.com
The Atlantic buys QZ.com for new publication
September 24, 2012
The Atlantic today launched Quartz, a publication targeted to upscale readers.
Nominet proposes second level .uk domain names
October 1, 2012
.UK domain name registry Nominet wants to allow businesses to register shorter .uk domain names.
Domain registrations grow 12% to 240 million
October 2, 2012
The total base of registered domain names increased nearly 12% year over year to 240 million at the end of June…
.Com growth rate slowing
October 16, 2012
Data show a slight reduction in .com growth rate, but it’s still over 8% per year….
Cognac.com sells for $140,000
October 24, 2012
Dallas company Weblabcenter has sold Cognac.com for $140,000, Domain Name Wire has learned…
150,000+ domain portfolio sells for $5.2 million
November 16, 2012
A portfolio of more than 150,000 domain names has sold in a bankruptcy auction for $5.2 million.
GiftBasket.com domain sold for $350,000
November 20, 2012
Domain name broker FindYourDomain.com is reporting its second six figure domain name sale in less than a week.Today the company announced the sale of GiftBasket.com for $350,000.
Go Daddy Auctions sells 32,151 domains in November
December 3, 2012
Last month Go Daddy auctions sold sold 32,151 domain names, which is down just slightly from the month before.
Blake Irving Named CEO by GoDaddy
December 11, 2012
Go Daddy has named former Chief Product Officer of Yahoo! and long time Microsoft executive Blake Irving as its new CEO effective January 7, 2013…